Austronesian linguistic innovations (February 2022)

Pituish:

*pitu ‘seven’ < *(RaCe)p-i-tu(Sa) (here)

[non-displacing] *sa-ŋ-aCu ‘nine’ (here)

Limaish:

*lima ‘five’ < *lima, *qa-lima ‘hand’ (here)

Ca- reduplication in numerals for human reference (here)

Thao-Atayalic:

parallel multiplicative forms for ‘six’ and ‘eight’ (here)

future prefix ma (here)

Enemish:

enem ‘six’ (here)

*CawiN ‘year’ (here)

Walu-Siwaish:

*walu ‘eight’ (here)

*Siwa ‘nine’ (here)

Western Walu-Siwaish:

*dapuR ‘fire’ < ‘cooking fire’ (here)

‘salt’ and ‘sour’, two lexical innovations proposed by Tsuchida’s (here)

Central Walu-Siwaish:

*Ca-CiNi ‘one’ (human reference) (here)

*ma-sa-N ‘ten’ (here)

Rukai-Tsouic:

u-prefixation in numerals (non-human reference) (here)

cáni ‘one’ (here)

Ten lexical innovations of Tsuchida’s (here)

Tsouic:

At least 57 lexical innovations of Tsuchida’s (here)

*Ramucu ‘hand’ < ‘finger’ (here)

Metathesis of *pataS ‘tattoo, write’ to *tapaSə (here)

Eastern Walu-Siwaish:

Merger of *S1 and *S2 (here)

*baCaq-an ‘ten’ (here)

[non-displacing] *nanum ‘water’(here)

[non-displacing] *layaR ‘sail’ (here)

Puluqish:

*paka-, *maka- abilitative (here)

*sa-puluq ‘one put aside’ > ‘ten’ (here)

[analogical] *Siwa > *siwa ‘nine’ (here)

Northern Puluqish:

*sasay ‘one’ (non-human reference) (here)

*sa-puluq > puluq ‘ten’ (serial counting) (here)

*mukeCep ‘ten’ (human and non-human reference) (here)

*ukak ‘bone’ (here)

*kuCem ‘cloud’ (here)

*Nemak ‘activity, skill’ (here)

*kabuŋ ‘hat’ (here)

Southern Austronesian (PMP + Kra-Dai):

Puluqish linker *atu ‘and’ reduced to *at after *sa-puluq in numbers 10-19 (here)

*baqbaq ‘mouth’ (here)

*biRáq ‘kind of taro’ (here)

*-ŋel ‘deaf’ (here)

*píntu ‘door’ (here)

*qizúR ‘sputum, saliva’ (here)

*qa-sáuŋ ‘canine tooth’ (here)

*sapeléd, *ma-sapeléd ‘astringent’ (here)

*buŋáH1 ‘flower’ (here)

*bujak ‘flower’ (here)

*baNaS ‘husband’ (here)